A Ministry of Education study that looks at the destinations of young New Zealanders after they leave school suggests that young women who did not achieve university entrance are less likely to undertake further study than men. The study looked at 19-year-old students who had left school, who gained some credits in the National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) at school but less than NCEA level 3, and who did not meet the university entrance requirement.
It considered the likelihood of a student choosing a destination from a range of post-secondary school activities—no further study, targeted training, lower-level certificate study, industry training, Modern Apprenticeships, and non-degree study at level 4 or above—diplomas and certificates at level 4.
The student found that 38 percent of these women undertook no further study after school compared to 35 percent of men. The women who did study were more likely than their male peers to study a lower level certificate or a diploma but significantly less likely to take part in industry training (9 percent compared to 23 percent).
The study’s author, Ralf Engler, says:
“Only for European males is there a change in the most likely activity with the attainment of NCEA level 1 , and this is to be involved in industry training. As we have noted, to be eligible for industry training, a person needs to be in employment. The types of work that include industry training are mostly trades, which are male dominated. And European males are more likely to be in these jobs.”